ICSI is an advanced fertility technique, performed by an Embryologist under a powerful microscope with magnification up to 400 times.
Here, a single egg of the woman is injected with a single sperm of the man. The fertilization rates of ICSI are better than IVF as it bypasses the possible barriers that may prevent the natural fertilization process. This procedure is highly advantageous in qualitative and quantitative defect of sperm/egg.
ICSI is advised to couples having the following medical conditions:
*In cases where there are no sperms in the semen (Azoospermia), sperms can be retrieved surgically from the testes or male ducts with procedures such as PESA, TESA or TESE.
- Low sperm count (Oligospermia)
- No sperm (Azoospermia)*
- Low motility of sperms (Asthenozoospermia)
- Bad morphology (Teratozoospermia)
The steps involved in ICSI are:
- Endometriosis (moderate to severe)
- Poor Ovarian Reserve
- Premature Menopause (Premature Ovarian Failure) (ICSI with donor eggs)
- Unexplained Infertility
- Controlled ovarian stimulation with hormones for development of multiple eggs
- Ovum Pickup under short anaesthesia, a simple 20 minute procedure
- Injecting a single good quality egg with a single good quality sperm by micromanipulator
- Culture till embryo stage in incubator
- Transfer of 2-3 best quality embryos inside the uterus (womb)
- Detection of pregnancy 14 days after embryo transfer